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Summary IGOs and INGOs

Course
- IGOs and INGOs
- 2020 - 2021
- De Haagse Hogeschool (De Haagse Hogeschool, Den Haag)
- European Studies
143 Flashcards & Notes
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A snapshot of the summary - IGOs and INGOs

  • Introduction

  • What is the traditional (or strict) definition of IO?
    It has four important aspects:
    •  formal: has to have whole organization with its own rights
    • continuous: it has to have staying power over the course of years
    • created by sovereign states 
    • goal of this creation is common interest
  • What is the updated (loose) definition of IO?
    Key words: 
    • formal international social institutions 
    • characterized by behavioral patterns
    • based on international norms and rules
    • which prescribe and proscribe behavior in recurrent situations 
    • lead to the convergence of expectations 
  • What types of International organizations are there?
    • Intergovernmental organizations - IGOs
    • Non-governmental organizations - NGO's 
      • international NGOs - INGOs
    • Multinational/transnational corporations - MNCs/TNCs
  • What are MNCs/TNCs
    For profit firms with subsidiaries in two or more countries. Business aspect of the international organizations. Shift economic decision-making from national level (government) to international level.
  • IGOs

  • Which three conditions are needed for international cooperation?
    1. Problem condition: complex interdependencies push states into international cooperation (recognize that there is common interest)
    2. Cognitive conditions: realization that interdependencies lead to problems which can only be solved together. 
    3. Power (hegemonic condition): one or more powerful states bear the costs of the creation of an IGO. Example: US. 
  • Why would and IGO cooperate internationally?
    • Industrial expansion 
    • World economic crisis
    • Development disparities
    • Human rights violation (WW2)
    • Environmental degradation 
    • War and power politics 
  • What is the Concert of Europe?
    • The aftermath of the war
      • Napoleonic wars
    • 1814-1815: Congress of Vienna 
      • Great Britain, Austria, Prussia, and Russia. France was still invited. 
    • Forerunner IGOs 
    • Idea; major powers to jointly secure peace and cooperate. 
    • Continued until WW1
  • What were some problems from the start for League of Nations?
    • Broad support, except in the USA (isolationism) they felt bad for involving in the ward. 
    • Germany: was not invited due to being a defeated country blamed for starting the Great War. 
    • Russia: had become communist in 1917 and was not invited. 
  • What is the United Nations?
    • Founded on the idea of collective security. 
    • Peacekeeping developed as an alternative to enforcement measures. 
    • sovereign equality of all states 
    • 1945 UN charter signed. 
  • What do countries have to keep in mind if they want to join a region?
    • If they are open(UN) or restricted(EU)
    • Geography
    • Economy
    • Culture
    • Competencies:
      • Comprehensive (UN, EU)
      • Limited, specialized agencies of the UN
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