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Summary International Public Health

Course
- International Public Health
- -
- 2018 - 2019
- Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
- Biomedische Wetenschappen
141 Flashcards & Notes
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A snapshot of the summary - International Public Health

  • Health determinants, measurements and trends

  • What are, besides the individual (genetics, sex, age), determinants of health?
    • Physical environment (water, sanitation, air pollution)
    • Employment and working conditions
    • Access to health services
    • Healthy behaviors and coping skills
    • Healthy child development
    • Social environment (socio-economic status, education, social capital, culture, gender norms)
  • Give an example of equity and equality in health care.
    Everyone can go to the GP 5 times a year = equality
    Everyone can go to the GP as often as they need = equity
  • What is meant with the incidence rate and prevalence, what type of indicator of health status is it?
    Incidence rate is the amount of new cases of a disease. Prevalence is the total amount of people with the disease.
    These are indicators of the frequency of disease.
  • What is meant with the mortality, case-fatality, and morbidity, what type of indicator of health status is it?
    Mortality is the number of deaths. Case-fatality is the number of deaths because of  a certain disease. Morbidity is the disability caused by a disease.
    These are indicators of the severity of disease.
  • What is the difference between mortality and case-fatality?
    Mortality is a measure for deaths in the whole population, case-fatality is the mortality of the population with a certain disease.
  • What are general trends that influence the global health status?
    • Population growth
    • Ageing of the population
    • Urbanization (water, sanitation, schools)
  • Non-communicable diseases (NCDs)

  • What are the three main causes of death according to the WHO?
    I - Communicable, maternal, perinatal and nutritional conditions
    II - Non-communicable conditions (NCDs)
    III - Injuries
  • What are the characteristics of NCDs?
    • Long latency
    • Emerge in middle-age and later life
    • High degree of preventability
    • Long period of treatment and care
    • Comorbidity
    • Strong link to socio-economic development
  • What is a trend linked to obesity?
    In high income countries the people with a middle- and low socio-economic status are more likely to get obese as the fast food restaurants are cheap.
    In low- and middle income countries the 'rich' people get obese.
  • What is a trend in tobacco use and an unhealthy diet?
    Media exposure of tobacco and unhealthy food is paid by the tobacco industry and food industry.
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