Summary Introduction to Behavioral Research Methods  Pearson New International Edition Book cover image

Summary Introduction to Behavioral Research Methods Pearson New International Edition

- Mark R Leary
ISBN-10 129202027X ISBN-13 9781292020273
187 Flashcards & Notes
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A snapshot of the summary - Introduction to Behavioral Research Methods Pearson New International Edition Author: Mark R Leary ISBN: 9781292020273

  • 1 Research in the Behavioural Sciences

  • What is systematic variance?
    The true score variance = reliability
  • 1.2 Goals of Behavioral Research

  • What is evaluation research?
    (also called program evaluation) using behavioral research methods to asses the effects of social or institutional programs on behavior. Example: evaluate new educational programs.
  • What are the three goals most behavioral researchers have in mind?
    Description, prediction or explanation. Basic researchers stop when they adequately reached one of these goals. Applied researchers typically go one step further and offer suggestions and solutions based on their findings.
  • What are scientist trying to do with research to describe behavior?
    Focus primarily on describing patterns of behavior, thought, or emotion. Example: survey researchers conduct large studies of randomly selected respondents to determine what people think, feel and do.
  • What are scientist trying to do with research to predict behavior?
    Focus primarily on predicting behavior. Example: educational psychologists develop ways to predict academic performance from scores on standardized test in order to identify students who might have learning difficulties in school.
  • What are scientist trying to do with research to explain behavior?
    Focus primarily on explaining why behavior occurs. Developing and testing theories that explain the phenomena of intrest.
  • 1.3 Behavioral Science and Common Sense

  • What is an important special obligation for researchers in behavioral science?
    To question their commonsense assumptions and try to minimize the impact of those assumptions on their work.
  • 1.4 The Value of Research to the Student

  • What are the four benefits of understanding research?
    1, Providing knowledge and skills that may be useful in professional life. 2, Good position to evaluate the scientific evidence they encounter in everyday life. 3, trained to think critical in everyday life. 4, to stay at the forefront of your specialization.
  • 1.5 The Scientific Approach

  • What are the three criteria that must be met for an investigation to be considered scientific?
    1, Systematic Empiricism. 2, public verification. 3, solving ability
  • What is systematic empiricism?
    The practice of relying on objective observation to draw conclusions about the world. (not on assumptions, hunches, unfounded beliefs or the products of people's imagination)
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