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Summary Introduction to Linguistics

- Introduction to Linguistics
- Bobby Ruigoord
- 2020 - 2021
- Universiteit van Amsterdam
- Cognition, Language and Communication
374 Flashcards & Notes
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A snapshot of the summary - Introduction to Linguistics

  • Chapter 1

  • How do you decide whether a sentence is good?
    By using the (1) memory, (2) knowledge of the language
  • When do you know a language?
    If you can understand and produce
  • Chapter 3

  • Innate language faculty (Chomsky)
    Containing the general principles to which any language in the world has to conform
  • What are the stages of a child's language acquisition?
    (1) Pre-linguistic stage
    (2) One-word/two-word stage
    (3) Differentation stage
    (4) Completion stage
  • Chapter 11

  • How can you establish whether a certain language element is or is not a word?
    By looking at the sound shape and syntax
  • Syntactic conditions for a word
    • It should be possible to place it in different positions in a clause
    • It should freely combine with other words
    • They can not be interrupted
  • Chapter 5

  • Two different aspects of utterances
    (1) Locution = its form
    (2) Illocution = its function as a speech act
  • Chapter 2

  • What are three aspects of the cognitive system?
    (1) World knowledge
    (2) Mental lexicon
    (3) Knowledge of language use
  • Chapter 12

  • What is one of the functions of word formation?
    To expand the existing vocabulary of a language
  • Chapter 20

  • What are the three different types of bilingual communities?
    1. Type I: language A is spoken by one group of speakers, and language B by a different group
    2. Type II: (almost) everybody speaks both language A and language B
    3. Type III: part of the population speaks one language (A), while the rest of the population speaks both language A and their own language B
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