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A snapshot of the summary - Introduction to Policy
1.2 Policy Cycle
What is the function of a policy cycle?Many actors are involved in
- Selection and structuring collective problems
- Design and adoption of alternative solutions (policies)
- Eventually tackling of the problem by implementing the adopted alternative
In which context does the policy cycle take place?
What is the central idea of policy analysis?Policies are designed, adopted, implemented, evaluated and eventually terminated or followed up by changed policies, in a policy cycle
1.3 Governance and Multi-level Approach
What is decision-making as multi-level governance?Decision-making is seen as a process in which supranational, national, regional and local governments work together in dynamic multi-actor networks
In which 2 parts can multi-level governance be distinguished?
- Vertical dimensions (high and lower levels of government)
- Horizontal dimensions (co-operation at the 'same' level)
What is Multilevel perspective (MLP)?An appropriate analysis should include the role of other actors in governance to be able to understand the dynamics of multi-actor network (instead of the government only as in multi-level governance)
What is the dutch translation of governanceBestuur
What is the dutch translation of government?Regering
What are the 3 levels of policy?
- Micro: ideas are invented or nurtured
- Meso: the original idea for a new policy should be linked to the outside world
- Macro: international policy institutions, international markets, dominant cultural values
2 Policy and Science Advising
Why do scientist express their opinion publicly in order to influence society and policy?
- Fight governmental restrictions regarding science (stem cells, cloning)
- Obtain funding
- Influence the agenda
- Change the viewpoints of policymakers