Implementation and Delivery - A Model of Implementation Fidelity

7 important questions on Implementation and Delivery - A Model of Implementation Fidelity

How can policy goals be attained?

  • Bringing change in the behaviour of citizens
  • Bringing change in the conditions of the behaviour

How are output produced?

  • Implementers performing actions (speed controls)
  • Citizens comply (adjust their speed)
  • Conditions of behaviour change (a road is reconstructed

What is an implementation strategy?

A strategy wherein the policy owner included the to be taken steps and the to be achieved outputs in order to come up with the desired outcomes

What are the two implementation models?

  • Top-down model
  • Bottom-up model

What is the critisism on the top-down approach?

Often knowledge and consensus are missing at the central level

What are the reasons for the bounded rationality in the top-down approach?

  • The full effect of instruments is unknown
  • Policy has to be elaborated and operationalized during implementation
  • Many stakeholders are involved
  • Further bargaining unavoidable
  • Citizens have to be convinved that compliance is good for them
  • Implementers have to apply abstract, general laws to multiple specific cases
  • Discretion is necessary
  • Conformity often cannot be imposed and will seldom be complete

What is the lack of implementation fidelity?

A lack of conformity to or to the implementation strategy, designed as part of the policy

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