6 questions on "Four characteristics - Four types of policy problems"

Why are policy problems often messes?
They are systems of interdependent sub-problems
Which 2 factors determine the complexity of a policy problem?
  • Degree of consensus about values that matter
  • The certainty of an available solution
How are tamed problems solved?
Treatment by experts
What is the approach to (un-)tameable scientific problems?
  • Further research
  • Scientific debate
  • Innovation
  • Experiments
What is the approach to (un-)tameable ethical problems?
Pacification of the value conflict, aiming at reaching consensus
What are the 3 criteria for a problem definition?

The definition has to
  • fit a realistic solution
  • be conceived from an intervention perspective
  • offer the opportunity to improve the situation
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