Summary: Islam

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Read the summary and the most important questions on Islam

  • 1: Study of Islam & Rituals

    This is a preview. There are 17 more flashcards available for chapter 06/01/2018
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  • Is there a ‘true Islam’?

    We do not seek to answer this question. The closest we come is to note that certain beliefs and practices are more common or agreed upon.
  • Two problematic pairs problematic because..

    1. This language suggests that all of these are more monolithic and unchanging than is the case
    2. This language suggests a certain picture of history:
       - Islam and the West have mainly been in conflict
        - Modernity (associated with the West)  is now displacing tradition
        (associated with Islam)
    3. This language obscures the degree to which terms of each pair interpenetrate each other
  • Central believes (Pilars of Imaan)

    • God, his scriptures, angels, messengers, the Last Day, his determination of good and ill
  • Why do we study Islam? In the past

    In the past:
    - polemics (‘dialogue’)
    - Peter the Venerable
    Translating Qur’an, ‘If I know the words, I can show them they are wrong.’
    - Gijsbert Voetius
    Studied Arabic and Islam for the same reasons. Talk ABOUT Muslims, ABOUT Islam and never WITH.
  • Why do we study Islam? colonialism

    Snoeck Hurgronje went to Mecca, lived there and wrote thesis. 
  • How do we study Islam? Past

    No instruction into the faith.
    European/Western academic tradition:
    • Philology (texts): ‘Orientalism’
      Including approaches of theology and history
    • Anthropology (people)
    Islamic Studies (religion)
  • How do we study Islam? Presence of Muslims

    • New dimension:
    Presence of Muslims
    Islamic Studies: Islamic culture and civilization
    Islamic theology: Believe system, quite technical
  • How do we study Islam? Person of the Instructor

    ‘Uncertainty principle’
    How objective am I?
    How can I have a good relation with a research object?
    (Example clothing when meeting an Imam)

    New dimension:
    Person of the instructor
  • How do we study Islam? religion

    • Religion
      Religionization across the world since 1970’s
      Two countries as an interesting measure stick: Israel and Pakistan (Jews and British Indian Muslims). Jews were not nessecarily very religious, for Pakistanis the same. After the 1970’s the world CARED.

      [ Founding fathers:
      Mohammed Jinnah
      David Ben Gurion ]
  • Relation to Christianity and Judaism

    • Same Revelation, same ‘book’
              Same genealogy

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