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Summary Kaplan PCAT 2016-2017 Strategies, Practice, and Review

- Kaplan
ISBN-10 1506200907 ISBN-13 9781506200903
618 Flashcards & Notes
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A snapshot of the summary - Kaplan PCAT 2016-2017 Strategies, Practice, and Review Author: Kaplan ISBN: 9781506200903

  • 3 Biological Proccesses

  • 3.1 Cellular Biology

  • Energy independent carriers
    • Active transport carriers
    • facilitate movement of compounds along a concentration gradient
  • 3 Methods of Intracellular movement
    • Brownian Movement
    • Cyclosis/ Streaming
    • Endoplasmic Reticulum
  • Cells are in this phase of replication for 90% of their life
    Interphase
  • Second Meiotic Division
    • Similar to mitosis, except no replication of chromosomes occurs
    • New cells are haploid
    • In women, only 1 of the cells produce a functional gamete. The rest are destroyed by the body
  • 3.2 Molecular Biology

  • Draw the glycolytic pathway

     Steps of the glycolytic pathway
  • 2 steps of Glucose Metabolism
    Glycolisis
    Cellular Respiration
  • Steps of Aerobic Respiration
    1. Decarboxylation of pyruvate
    2. Krebs Cycle
    3. Electron Transport Chain
  • How many ATP are generated by glyolysis
    2 ATP
  • Lactic Acid Fermentation
    • Occurs in certain fungi and bacteria as well as human muscle cells duing strenuous activity
    • When oxygen supply in muscles can not keep up with glucose catabolism, pyruvate is reduced to lactic acid
    • NAD+ is regenerated for glycolysis
  • Net reaction of the Kreb's cycle
    2 acetyl-CoA + 6NAD+ + 2FAD + 2 GDP + 2Pi + 4H20 ==>
                  4CO2 + 6 NADH + 2 FADH2 + 2GTP + 4H+ + 2CoA
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