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Summary Knowledge clips

Course
- Introduction to Research Methods
- P. Lodder, O. Bolluijt en M. van Seumeren
- 2020 - 2021
- Tilburg University (Tilburg University, Tilburg)
- Liberal Arts and Sciences
120 Flashcards & Notes
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A snapshot of the summary - Knowledge clips

  • 1 Introduction to research methods

  • 1.1 Social Research

  • Name 4 types of human experience.
    • Sense perception
    • Beliefs
    • Emotions
    • Thoughts
  • What are social sciences?
    Sciences focussed on experiences related to humans.
  • What are the four major distinctions in social science research?
    1. Approach 
    2. Use
    3. Pupose
    4. Time dimension
  • Name the two different approaches of a study and their characteristics.
    1. Qualitative research
      • Qualities
      • Words and images
      • Understanding meaning
    2. Quantitative research
      • Quantities
      • Numbers and statistics
      • General tendencies
  • What are the two types of use of research and their characteristics?
    Basic
    • Aimed at anything interesting.
    • How does the world work?
    • Researchers have freedom and intrinsic motivation.
    • Success if results impact science community. 

    Applied
    • Aimed at practical problems.
    • Can we solve this problem?
    • Research as part of the job and at employer's demand.
    • Success if results are 'usable'.
  • Name the three different purposes of research and their characteristics.
    Exploratory

    • To explore
    • What?
    • Idea generating
    • Feasibility studies
    Descriptive

    • To descirbe
    • How? Who?
    • Categorizing and classifying

    Explanatory
    • To explain
    • Why?
    • Theory testing
    • Model comparison.
  • Name the three types of time dimensions in a research and their characteristics.
    Case study

    • Focussed at an individual
    • Can be measured a single time or more times

    Cross-sectional

    • Focussed at a group of people
    • Measurement takes place only one time

    Longitudinal

    • Focussed at a group of people
    • Measured more than one time
  • 1.2 The Empirical Cycle

  • How is knowledge gained in empirical research?
    Through direct and indirect observation or experience.
  • Name the 7 steps in the reseach process of the empirical cycle.
    1. Select a topic
    2. Formulate a research question
    3. Designing the study 
    4. Collecting the data
    5. Analyzing the data
    6. Interpreting the data
    7. Informing others
  • 2 Theory and Ethics

  • 2.1 Social Theories

  • What are the two states of behavior in social situations according to Milgram's agency theory?
    The autonomous state and the agentic state.
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