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Summary Knowledge in Organisations

Course
- Knowledge in Organisations
- 2019 - 2020
- Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen
- Bedrijfskunde
183 Flashcards & Notes
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A snapshot of the summary - Knowledge in Organisations

  • Les 2 The social-constructivist discourse (practice-based perspective)

  • What is the importance of knowledge management?
    Now there is a knowledge society (after a industrial society), therefore there are: knowledge work, knowledge workers and knowledge intensive firms needed.
  • What are the characteristics of the post-industrial society?
    -Service based economy
    -Knowledge and information intensity of economic and social life
    -Growing importance of theoretical knowledge in work
  • What is a knowledge society?
    A society that is characterized by high levels of information and knowledge intensity and in which the key wealth generators are information/ knowledge intensive industries
  • Von Nordenflycht’s taxonomy: 3 dimensions for KIFs (Knowledge intensive firms)
    1 Knowledge intensity of the work (extent to which complex knowledge is needed for creation of outputs)
    2 Capital intensity of the work (extent to which non-human assets e.g. Patents and factories are needed for the creation of output)
    3 Extent to which the workforce is professionalized (specialized knowledge+ institutionally regulated+ code of ethics)
  • What are the two perspective of knowledge workers?
    1 Professional knowledge work perspective (=mainstream):
    A knowledge worker is someone whose work is primarily intellectual, creative and non-routine in nature, and which involves both the utilization and creation of abstract/ theoretical knowledge. (Bijvoorbeeld: consultants, IT, Lawyers, software designers, accountants, architect, scientists and engineers)

    2 ''All work is knowledge work'' perspective.
    A knowledge worker is '' anyone whose work involves the use of a reasonable amount of tacit and contextual and/or abstract conceptual knowledge'' (Bijvoorbeeld: zorgmedewerkers, fluitenmakers, constructiewerkers, copier engineers,  manual workers in sawmill)
  • What is a practice? (definitions + 2 remarks)
    Practice refers to purposeful human activity. It assumes that activity includes both physical and cognitive elements, and that these elements are inseparable. Knowledge use and development is therefore regarded as a fundamental aspect of activity. 

    - Everyday actions are consequential 
    - Rejects dualism yet stresses rationality of mutual constitution.
  • Lecture 1

  • What is the dialogical discourse?
    Knowledge= discipline. Deconstruction of totalizing knowledge claims, creation of multiple knowledges, never ending process of knowing and correcting (the self). Staat tussen practice-based (duality) en dissensus.
  • What is the constructivist discourse?
    Knowledge= mind. Socially constructed, in the doing (practice), shared context, generation of understanding, coordinating mindful action of interdependent individuals with only partial knowledge. Staat tussen pratice-based (duality) en consensus.

    --> kennis zit in de werkplek, taken en context van mensen en wordt daar ontwikkeld
    --> Met practice word bedoel menselijke activiteit. Zowel de fysieke als cognitieve elementen en deze zijn niet te scheiden. Kennis gebruik en ontwikkeling is essentieel in deze activiteit.
  • What is the critical discourse?
    Knowledge= power. Role of knowledge in organizational underclass: reformation of social order, domination and emancipation. Staat tussen objectivist (dualism) en dissensus.
  • What is the Neo-functionalist discourse?
    Knowledge= asset. Objective, measurable, it can be acquired, progressive enlightment, reduction of uncertainty, optimal allocation of resources. Tussen objectivist (dualism) en consensus.
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