Summary: Language Differences And Disorders Final

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  • Language Disorders FINAL

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  • Person had a stroke- most common formSudden and involve blockage of blood flow to the brainAcquired language disorders cause life changing facts

    CVA
    Cerebral Vascular Accident
  • A condition caused by blockage or bursting of an artery, leading to disruption of blood flow to the brain & resulting in Neurologic damage to the area of the brain that is supplied by that artery

    Strokes
  • Blood clot to the vein, causes blockage and leads to a strokeCause of brain dysfunctin 

    Embolism
  • Loss of languageAcquired language disorder affecting expressive & receptiveDiagnosed by SLPClassified by Non-fluent and Fluent

    Aphasia
  • Slow, labored speechDifficulty motor planningDifficulty word retrievalNot saying a lot, but makes senseDue to a lesion or lesions in the anterior language area and left premotor cortex (Broca's area)TMA and global aphasia 

    Non-fluent Aphasia
  • Difficulty with semantics and comprehensionLanguage basis is intactSaying a lot, but not making senseInitiation and production of speech are intact but deficits occur in semantics and comprehension 

    Fluent Aphasia
  • Damage to Wernicke's area and tissue surrounding the superior posterior temporal lobe causes a type of aphasia that is marked by deficits in auditory comprehension and fluent oral expressionFluent, but doesn't make senseLesion in this causes damage to area and neighboring temporal and parietal regionsTherapy is difficult 

    Wernicke's Aphasia
  • Lack of the ability to recall names of people, common objects and places

    Anomia
  • Widespread lesions of the frontal & temporal-parietal areas interrupt the ability to process sensory info & to program sequentially skilled movements

    Transcortical Aphasia
  • When damage to the left hemisphere is extensive enough to involve a wide area of the lateral aspect. All parts of language processing are severely impaired.Their bank of available vocabulary items is reduced significantlyThe worst type, effects many things

    Global Aphasia
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