Summary: Language Disorders & Differences

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  • Language Disorders & Differences #1

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  • Individuals frequently have difficulty in sentence processing or abstracting information-that is meaningful for storage and retrieval from short & long term memory

    Disorders
  • Responsible for early language of two age groups for young children:-birth to three-preschool(3-5)Also older children-school age (6-12)Adolescent (13+)

    Role of the SLP
  • Many causes of language disorders:Chromosomal disorders such as -down syndrome-fragile x syndromeHereditary risks:-runs in families-not caused by chromosomes

    Etiology
  • experience language deficits-not combing words by 3, limited vocab.

    Late Talkers
  • A single disorder that manifests itself in various ways at various points in development as communications tasks change

    Language Based Learning Disability
  • What might cause language delays?

    -prenatal
    -perinatal
    -post natal
  • -higher incidence of articulation disorders-demonstrate simplification of phonological applicationex: reduplication & assimilation           -mama           -tait/kite

    Phonology
  • -same order of development of inflectional morphology has been observed-may have difficulty using rules such as:       -prefixes             Un-             De-             Re-       -suffixes             -ly             -tion             -able

    Morphology
  • Similar sentence types of typically developing children-start with simple declaratives-simple negatives-interrogatives-negative interrogativesIntellectually disabled kids use-shorter sentences-less complex sentences (and,or)-less flexibility 

    Syntax
  • -word meanings tend to be more concrete and restricted for individuals with intellectual disabilities-have a great deal of difficulty with non-literal meanings-use less adjectives and adverbs

    Semantics
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