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A snapshot of the summary - Language (Felix)
Lecture 1 - Introduction
What componentsof language can we find in
chest-nutcrowned babblers?- Discreteness: Flight & Nestlecall build by same components
- Semanticity: Different behavior for different calls
What component of language do bees show?Displacement --> Talking about things not here & now
Generativity --> Can form alot of different messages
Don't show arbitrariness --> Dance is refering to the real world
What is continuity when talking about language in animals & humans?Human language is quantitatively different.
But qualitatively the same.
What did Chimsky show (Nim)?Some communication of sign language
What is the difference between Nim & Kanzi how they learned 'language'?Nim: Operant conditioning
Kanzi: Immersion learning
What are some doubts we can raise about animal sign language learning?Clever Hans effects.
What is definitely a difference between
animal& human language (in research):Grammar:
- Animals some
copyingof grammar, but no strict incorporation
Social Aspects of language:- Animals no turn-taking
- Signing when observer unable to seen them
- But: Natural communication --> Some turn-taking
What is Modularity when talking about language in animals & humans?Language consists of independent modules that are either present or absent in different species.
- Some animals only have 1 or 2 modules
- We have them all
What trait are necessary to learn language? (Comparing humans & animals)- Vocal mimicry: Ability to imitate sounds
Why can vocal mimicry be a byproduct of dancing (or vice versa?)Recognition & aniticipation of rhythm crucial for vocal mimicry