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Summary Language (Felix)

Course
- Language (Felix)
- Marthe Otten
- 2020 - 2021
- Universiteit van Amsterdam
- Psychologie
247 Flashcards & Notes
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A snapshot of the summary - Language (Felix)

  • Lecture 1 - Introduction

  • What componentsof language can we find in chest-nut crowned babblers?
    - Discreteness: Flight & Nestle call build by same components 
    - Semanticity: Different behavior for different calls
  • What component of language do bees show?
    Displacement --> Talking about things not here & now

    Generativity --> Can form alot of different messages

    Don't show arbitrariness --> Dance is refering to the real world
  • What is continuity when talking about language in animals & humans?
    Human language is quantitatively different.
    But qualitatively the same. 
  • What did Chimsky show (Nim)?
    Some communication of sign language
  • What is the difference between Nim & Kanzi how they learned 'language'?
    Nim: Operant conditioning
    Kanzi: Immersion learning
  • What are some doubts we can raise about animal sign language learning?
    Clever Hans effects.
    Observer effects.
  • What is definitely a difference between animal & human language (in research):
    Grammar:
    - Animals some copying of grammar, but no strict incorporation

    Social Aspects of language:- Animals no turn-taking
    - Signing when observer unable to seen them
    - But: Natural communication --> Some turn-taking
  • What is Modularity when talking about language in animals & humans?
    Language consists of independent modules that are either present or absent in different species.
    - Some animals only have 1 or 2 modules
    - We have them all
  • What trait are necessary to learn language? (Comparing humans & animals)
    - Vocal mimicry: Ability to imitate sounds
  • Why can vocal mimicry be a byproduct of dancing (or vice versa?)
    Recognition & aniticipation of rhythm crucial for vocal mimicry
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