A snapshot of the summary - Language
College 1: Intro
What makes a language?
How did the research on
Meerkatsin the desert suggets that the way they communicatecan be called a language? How could they measurethis?
- Their language has meaning (
Semanticity): Specific utterancesrefer to specific concepts.
- Different tones led to different behavior (leopard alarm --> tree, eagle alarm --> bush etc)
How did the research on Babblers (birds) suggest that the way they communicate can be callad a language? How could they measure this?
- The birds language seems to be built up of small, distinct, recombinable components (Discreteness).
- This caused different behaviors, so different meanings (Semanticity?)?
Do these Babblers (birds) have Generativity in their language?Moet ik nog even opzoeken
Which featurs of Language are presenet in the BEE Dance?
- (Not Semanticity and Discreteness???)
What are the two theories of how human language was created?
- Continuity = Human language is quantitatively different from animal communication, but not qualitatively.
- Discontinuity = Human Language has specific features that are not present in any form of animal cognition.
argumentwhy Chimp Nimwas suggested to understand sign language?He could produce simple sentencesas : 'Me hug cat'.
Give an argument why researchers were against the idea that Chimp Nim did understand sign language?- They believed that the monkey just learned through
operant conditioningbut didntreally 'speak' the sign language. (Not to communicate)
Give an argument why the ape Kanzi was suggested to understand spoken language by the carekeepers?- Kanzi could follow simple spoken commands such as: 'put soap in water'.
Give an argument why researchers were agianst the idea that the ape Kanzi could understand spoken language?
- They believed that the ape just learned though immersion learning
- They also accused the carekeepers of Clever Hans effect & Observer effects.
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