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Summary Learning & Memory

- Learning & Memory
- Jaap Murre
- 2019 - 2020
- Universiteit van Amsterdam
- Psychologie
215 Flashcards & Notes
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A snapshot of the summary - Learning & Memory

  • Lecture 1: Intro & Neurobiology

  • Explicit memory id divided in? (2)
    - Episodic memory: Events: personal experiences in time/place
    -  Semantic memory: Facts: World/object/language knowlegde & conceptual priming
  • Important ancient times philosopher?
    - Aristotle: Assosciations between stimuli
  • What did Hermann Ebbinghaus do?
    Founder of modern memory psychology.
    Studied himself.
    Learning 1228 different lists of 13 meaningless syllables
  • What is the Ebbinghaus forgetting curve? What stands out?
    Curve showing the retention of information.
    9 hours after learned vs 1 day after learned: No difference (because of sleep)

    Ebbinghaus thought he made a mistake but he didnt
  • What did Francis Bartlett show?
    Memory is a construction (Gestalt)
    - Memories are complemented by known information.

    Memorise plate that is only half in the picture --> People memorise entire plate
  • What did Lasly show in neurobiology?
    More percentage of isocortex destroyed --> More mistakes of mouse in maze
  • Who are the 3 behaviorists and what are they known for?
    Pavlov: Classical conditioning
    Watson: Fear conditioning (little albert)
    Skinner: Operant conditioning (Skinner box)
  • What is the difference between Place cells & Grid cells?
    - Place cells: active when rat is in certain location
    - Grid cells: Active when rate passes certain locations (hexagonal grid)
  • What does the Morris Water Maze show?
    - Variable starting position: Hippocampus lesions doesn't improve

    - Constant starting position: Hippocampus improves (slower than normal)

    Idea: Hippocampus not specialized in spatial memory --> Hippocampus plays a role in remembering complex assosciations
  • What area is needed for a Delayed non-matching to sample Task?
    Parahippocampal area's: Essential for formation of complex assosciations between objects & their context
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