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Read the summary and the most important questions on Lecture Slides

  • 1 Introduction lecture

    This is a preview. There are 2 more flashcards available for chapter 1
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  • What are the major developments regarding land use since the 1970's?

    - 61% increase in food production
    - 55% increase in world population
    - Increase in purchasing power 274%
  • What are the undisrable impacts of these major developments?

    - 14% contribution to greenhouse gas emissions
    - Agriculture biggest water consumer
    - Yearly millions of tons of pesticides used
    - Major decrease in biodiversity
    - 1 billion people still undernourished due to lach of access; 2 billion number of people obese or overweight
  • So what is the conclusion of these major developments?

    Disconnection between;
    - Agriculture - environment
    - Producers - food - consumers
    - Policies and consequences
  • What developments are expected in the future?

    - 25-30% increase in world population
    - further 40-50% yield increases (crops) needed
  • What are the 4 principles of organic agriculture as told by IFOAM?

    - Health
    - Ecology
    - Fariness
    - Care
  • What are examples of the IFOAM basic standards?

    - To produce food of high quality in sufficient quantity
    - Maintain or increase environmental quality and biodiversity
    - Encourage and enhance biological cycles
    - To minimiza all forms of pollution and use of non-renewable resources
    - Respect integrity of organisms
    - Harmoniza plant and animal production
    - Act socially and ecologically responsible
  • How are the standards translated into law?

    - Into guidelines and directives by SKAL and DEMETER, there is a constant debate on organic and sustainable
  • Why do you need continious rebalacing on farm?

    In response to changes in biophysical and socio-economic environment
  • What are the ideals in organic farming and the need for redesign?

    - Closing cycles
    - Fate of male animals
    - Smart crop + animal diversity
    - Animal welfare
    - Production level
    - Relations to consumers
    - etc..
  • 2 From dreams to objectives

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  • How do you get involved in a farm as a researcher?

    Starts with understanding of:
    - Production system
    - Management system
    - Farm history
    - Farming context
    - Farm ambitions
    As an entry point for identifying key problems and proposing changes

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