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Summary Linux Essentiel

- Semester 1
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A snapshot of the summary - Linux Essentiel

  • 1 Chapter 1- Introduction to Linux

  • 1.2 Linux is a Kernel

  • What is the Open Group
    An industry consortium (only software that has been certified by the Open group may call itself UNIX)
  • 2 Operating Systems

  • Long-term supportt (LTS)
    Associated with the life cycle of distributions, this feature states that software supported for 5 years or more
  • 2.1 Operating systems

  • The three major operating systems
    Microsoft Windows, Aplle macOS and Linux
  • Cloud servies providers
    Amazon Web service, Rackspace and Microsoft Azure
  • 3 Working in Linux

  • 3.2 Applications

  • Domain Name System (DNS)
    Convert a (website)name to an IP Address (Most populair Internet Software Consortium)
  • Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP)
    An object is sotred in tree, and the position can be sued to derive information about the object and what it stores (Linux uses OpenLDAP)
  • Dynamic Host Configuration Protocl (DHCP)
    Job is to listen for requestst of computers and to assign a freee address
  • Blender, GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program), Audacity
    3D movie creation, 2D image manipulation and audio editing
  • 3.5 Development Languages

  • Benefit of the C language
    The language itself maps closely to the generated machine code so that a skilled programmer can w rite code that is small and efficicient
  • 4 Open source Software and Licensing

  • FOSS (Free Open Source Software)
    An open source body which conssit of both Free Software and OPen Source as a collective in order to downplay the differences between the two organisations
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