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Summary Living in the environment

- G Tyler Miller, et al
ISBN-10 053873535X ISBN-13 9780538735353
254 Flashcards & Notes
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A snapshot of the summary - Living in the environment Author: G Tyler Miller, , Scott E Spoolman ISBN: 9780538735353

  • 1 Environmental problems, their causes, and sustainability

  • Of which parts does natural capital consist?
    - natural resources (materials and energy in nature that are essential or useful for humans; air, water, soil, life (biodiversity), coal)
    - natural services (processes which support life and human economies, purification of air, water, renewal of topsoil)
  • what is the definition of the ecological foodprint?
    the amount of biologically productive land and water needed to provide the people in a particular country or area with an indefinite supply of renewable resources and to absorb and recycle the wastes and pollution produced by that resource use.
  • of which factors does the IPAT model consists and what does it measure?
    Impact = population x Affluence (consumption) x technology (positive and bad effects)

    impact = how much a population is degrading the natural capital it depends upon.
  • What is the ecological tipping point?
    The point after which the behavior of the natural system is changed irreversibly.
  • What are the three major cultural changes that occured in human history?
    1. agricultural revolution (how to grow and breed plants and animals)
    2. industrial-medical revolution (mechanical, large-scale production , based on fossil fuels and medical advances)
    3. information-globalization revolution (new technologies for more access to information and resources on a global scale)
  • What are the three main environmental worldviews?
    1. planetary managment worldview: we are separate from and in charge of nature, which exist to meet our needs.
    2. stewardship worldview: we can and should manage the earth but we have an ethical responsibility to be caring;
    3. environmental wisdom worldview: we are part of and dependent on nature. nature exists of all species and not just for us. integrating environmental wisdom in the way we act is crucial.
  • What is an environmentally sustainable society?
    Living sustainable means living of the earth's natural income (rente) without depleting or degrading the natural capital (je spaargeld) that supplies it.


    A society that meets the current and future basic resource needs of its people in a just and equitable manner without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their basic needs.
  • 1.1 What are three principles of sustainability

  • What is natures survival strategy?

    It follows three principles of sustainability: solar energy, biodiversity and chemical cycling.

  • Why do countries differ in levels of unsustainability?

    Economic growth and development influences the sustainability

  • 1.1.1 Environmental science is a study of connections in nature

  • What is environmental science?
    An interdisciplinary study of how humans interact with the living and nonliving parts of their environment.

    It integrates information and ideas from:
    - natural sciences (biology, chemistry, geology)
    - social sciences (geography, economics, political science)
    - humanities (philosophy, ethics)
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