4 questions on "Monetary Policy and Aggregate demand - the zero lower bound problem"

Why is negative interest rates a problem?
Becasue people always have the alternative of holding cash, which offers a zero interest rate which is higher than negative interest rate.
so no bonds bought.
What is the rules that interst rates cannot fall below zero without causing significant problems?
zero lower bound for interest rates
How to fix the issue with the inability to reduce interest rates further.
Quantitative weakness
What is a monetary policy in which a government tries to drive down interest rates? What effect does this have on the economy?
Quantitative easing
thus exerting an expansionary effect on the economy, by buying longer term bonds instead of shorter term bonds.
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