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Summary Neuropsychology

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A snapshot of the summary - Neuropsychology

  • 1 week 1: Chapter 3

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  • What is coronal section?
    Cut in a vertical plane from the crown of the head down > frontal view
  • What is horizontal section?
    Cut is along the horizon > dorsal view looking down on the brain from above
  • What is saggital section?
    Cut lengthways, front to back > reveals medial view from the side
  • In which 4 ways are the brain and spinal cord supported?
    1. Skull body vertebrae > protects brain + spinal cord
    2. Triple-layered set of membranes > meninges consisting of dura mater, arachnoid membrane, pia mater
    3. CSF cerebrospinal fluid > shocks and pressure changes
    4. Blood brain barrier > protects brain + spinal cord by limiting movement of chemicals from the rest of the body into CNS
  • What is dura mater?
    A tough double layer of tissue, on the outermost layer
  • What is arachnoid membrane?
    Middle, is a very thin sheet of delicate tissue that follows the brain's contours
  • What is Pia mater?
    Inner layer, that is moderately tough tissue that clings to the brain's surface
  • Which 3 cerebral arteries are there?
    1. Anterior cerebral artery: gives blood supply to the medial and dorsal parts of the cortex. 
    2. Middle cerebral artery: gives blood supply to the lateral surface.
    3. Posterior cerebral artery: gives blood supply to the ventral and posterior surfaces. 
  • To what leads a lesion in the anterior cerebral artery?
    It creates a very large chance that you will have a hemiplegia on the opposite side. Affects legs more than arms and hands > verlamming
  • To what leads a lesion in the middle cerebral artery?
    It creates a very large chance that you will have a hemiplegia on the opposite side. Affects arms and hands more than legs. > verlamming 
    70% of the strokes happen in middle

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