Summary: Nterculturel Psychology | s

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  • 1 Foundations of Culturele Psychology

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  • What is Interculture Psychology?

    The study of relationship between culture context and human behaviour. 
  • explain what external and internal culture is

    external culture is more part of the context of a group of people and internal culture is more part of the person, like language, religion or knowledge 
  • Explain what the evolutionairy theorie perspective says about culture

    - Evolutionary psychology aims to investigate and explain the conditions 
    we faced as a species during our evolutionary history. How did our brains 
    and bodies adapt to solve the recurrent problems we faced in our 
    evolutionary past?
    an universalist perspective - what are the similarities that exist across cultures? How do these contrast with the diferences that get layered on top
  • what means comparative psychology?

    - A comparative approach to cultural psychology recognises and examines 
    the diferences in how people think and behave in diferent cultural 
    contexts. BUT AT THE SAME TIME acknowledges that these diferences are 
    culturally shaped reflections of common psychological functions and 
  • explain what individualistic and collectivistic cultures are

    -the individualistic cultures sees him self as a distinct, independent, self-     motivated and personal goal oriented culture.

    - the collectivistic culture see the self as an overlapping with a person’s network of family, friends, and colleagues
  • explain what indigious culture is

    So their goal is to understand indigenous culture as a thing in itself 
    rather than as a manifestation of human universals.
    - The emphasis of this approach is on application.
  • explain what the differences are with Universism Vs. Relativism

    -Universism tells Psychological phenomena are not so different between cultures. Same fundamental processes, though the events may differ

    -Cultural differences produce fundamentally different psyches.
    It influence our perception, cognition, behavior, and social worlds in distinctly diferent ways
  • 2 Dimensions of Culture

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  • Hofstede described four dimensions which differ in different country's 

    -Individualsim:- Describes or a country has loose or tight social relationships

    -Masculinity: -Describes whether a countries dominant values are assertive 
    versus nurturing

    -Power distance: -The extent to which less powerful members of institutions and organizations within a country expect and accept that power is distributed unequally.

    -Uncentainty avoidence: -Describes a cultures tolerance for ambiguity and 
    acceptance of risk.

    -long term versus short term orientation:

    -more importance to the future including persistence, saving and a capacity for adaptation VS. alues promoted are related to the past and the present, including steadiness, respect for tradition, preservation on one’s reputation, reciprocity. 
  • What did the japanese experiment  “shin jin rui”, which literally means “new human beings” explained to us?

    This shift demonstrates the dangers of fixing on stereotypes and of seeing 
    cultures as fixed, static, and unchanging.
  • explain the difference between masculinity and femininity 

    Masculine cultures are those that strive for a larger distinction between what 
    women and men are expected to do. 
    - Masculine cultures value masculine traits such as assertiveness, competition, 
    and material success. 

    - Feminine cultures value and permit more overlap in social roles for the sexes. 
    - Feminine cultures also place high value on quality of life, interpersonal 
    relationships, and concern for the weak.

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