Study Cards on assemblies, government, leadership
- The growth of 'big' government
- The organizational weakness of assemblies
- The rise of interest groups and media power.
2. Party loyalty, assemblies have little impact on voting (debate becomes sterile or ritualized).
- increase in size/status of bureaucracies.
- Greater emphasis on process of policy initiation and formulation (developing broad and coherent government programmes is beyond individual assembly members. They mostly just scrutinize and critisize now).
- 'big' government means that policy is increasingly complex and intricate. Higher expertise is needed --> possessed by 'professional' bureaucrats.
Leadership tends to be provided by parties and through assemblies. It often has been the executive that has been able to respond to this need for leadership.
2. Organized interests have become more prominent as representatives and as sources of expert advice and information.
3. The susceptibility of assemblies to lobbying has undermined their legitimacy (assembly members seem more motivated by their own self-interests).
4. Media has displaced assemblies as the major forums for political debate.
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