Study Cards on assemblies, politics, characterized

What are the three broad categories in which assemblies can be categorized?
- Policy-making assemblies: Rare. It has to have significant constitutional authority and respect. It must enjoy political independence from the executive. It must possess sufficient organizational coherence to undertake concerted action (f.e US congress).

- Policy-influencing assemblies: In parliamentary systems. Can be because of adversary politics, or because of ingrained habitys of negotiation and compromise. Two factors: the strength in the assembly of the governing party, and the party's ability to maintain internal unity.

- Executive-dominated assemblies: often in parties where there is prolonged domination by a single party. Subordinate assembly.
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What is adversary politics?
Style of politics characterized by an antagonistic relationship between major parties that turns political life into an ongoing electoral battle.
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How have assemblies become more important as 'communicating mechanisms'.
- Assemblies are opening up their proceedings to media, has helped strengthen them as arenas of debate and agencies of oversight.
- Professionalization of assembly work; adoption and strengthening of specialized committees + improvement of resources available to members. 
- Assemblies are becoming more critical and independent as as result of the decline of parties as tightly disciplined blocs.
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What is the ultimate thing that matters when it comes to the desirable balance between the assembly and the executive?
A normative judgement about the need for representation and accountability, on the one hand, and for leadership and strong government, on the other.
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