Study Cards on connectedness, political, divisions

What are societies characterized by?
- A society is a collection of people who occupy the same territorial area.
- By regular patterns of social interaction. 
- Some sort of social structure.
- Social relationships involve a sense of connectedness, in the form of mutual awareness and a measure of cooperation.
- Social divisions
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How can society shape politics?
- Distribution of wealth and other resources conditions the nature of state power.
- Social divisions and conflicts help bring about political change in the form of legitimation crises.
- Society influences public opinion and political culture
- The social structure shapes political behaviour (who votes, who joins parties etc).
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How has nature of society (and therefore social connectedness) changed over time?
Transition from thick connectedness of close social bonds and fixed allegiances to more individualized social arrangements -->
Modern society: hollowing out of social connectedness,

Linked to the development of postindustrialism and the fading significance of social class, the emergence of information societies and the growth of individualism.
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How has industrialization changed the shape of societies?
- Increase in geographical mobility through the process of urbanization
--> led to change in social connectedness; shift from community to association.

- Economically based class divisions displaced the fixed social hierarchies (based on status and land ownership).
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What is the leading protagonist of class politics?
Marxist tradition; two class model.
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