Study Cards on elections, radical, conventional

What is the difference between the conventional and radical view on elections?
The conventional view is that elections are a mechanism through which politicians can be called to account and introduce policies that reflect public opinion

The radical view is that elections cause the elite to exercise control over their populations
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What are the two contrasting views of the function of competitive elections?
- The conventional view: a mechanism that forces politicians to introduce policies that somehow reflect the public's wishes.
- The radical view: a means through which governments/elites can control exercise over their population.
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What are the functions of elections?
- Recruiting politicians
- Making government
- Providing representation
- Influencing policy
- Education voters
- Building legitimacy
- Strengthening elites
Elections are a key element of representative democracy
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What are the central functions of elections?
- Recruiting politicians
- Making governments
- Providing representation
- Influencing policy
- Educating voters (through campaigning)
- Building legitimacy (providing justification for a system of rule)
- Strengthening elites (manipulating and controlling the masses)
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What is proportional representation?
Is the principle that parties should be represented in an assembly or parliament in direct proportion to their overall electoral strength, their percentage of votes
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