Study Cards on ideological, differences, coalitions

What is moderate pluralism?
Countries (Norway, Netherlands) where ideological differences between major parties are slight, and where there is a general inclination to form coalitions and move towards the centre ground.
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What is polarized pluralism?
Exists when more marked ideological differences separate major parties (some may adopt anti-system stance).
Italy.
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What are the strengths and weaknesses of multiparty systems?
Strengths: they create checks and balances and exhibit a bias in favour of debate, conciliation and compromise.

Criticism:
-the difficulties of coalition formation + coalitions can be fractured and unstable.
-tendency towards moderation and compromise may mean that multiparty systems are so dominated by the political centre that they are unable to offer ideological alternatives (parties are encouraged to abandon policies and principles in their quest for power).]
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