5 good questions on "Rival theories of the state - The leviathan state"
Commitment to a radical form of individualism.
Strong apathy towards state intervention in economic and social life, born out of the belief that the state is a parasitic growth that threatens both individual liberty and economic security.
State is an overbearing nanny.
The 20th century tendency towards state intervention reflects the internal dynamics of the state.
Demand-side: those that emerge from society itself. Electoral competition encourages politicians to outbid one another by making promises, regardless of the long-term damage such policies inflict on the economy.
Supply-side: those that are internal to the state. Institutions and personnel of the state apparatus.
--> government oversupply thesis (often associated with the public choice theory)
Marxists: the state reflects broader class and other social interests.
The New Right: portrays the state as an independent or autonomous entity that pursues its own interests (bureaucratic self-interest invariably supports 'big' government and state intervention, because this leads to an enlargement of the bureaucracy itself - ensures job security, improve pay etc.)
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