Study Cards on liberalism, government, century

What was the goal around 1700 when liberalism rose?
Liberalists attacked absolutism and taxes to finance wars. They wanted a constitutional and representative government in return for taxes
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What is the difference between the view on economy around the 18th century and now?
In the 18th century, liberals were going for laissez-faire and condemned all forms of government intervention, now they are in favor of welfare reform and intervention.
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What are the key ideas of liberalism?
Individualism, freedom, reason, equality, toleration, consent, constitutionalism
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How can the classical liberalist/atomic view be described?
The belief that the society consists of largely self-sufficient individuals who owe little or nothing to each other
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What is the central theme of classical liberalism and its ideal?
Individualism.
Establishment of a nightwatchman state: state is a necessary evil. It establishes order and security and protects citizens from the encroachment of fellow citizens, but it imposes a collective will on society, thus limiting the freedom and responsibilities of the individual.
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What is an atomist view of society?
A belief in 'negative' liberty, meaning non-interference, or the absence of external constraints on the individual.
(all forms of government intervention are bad).
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What is weird about the US' term of liberals?
They are seen as supporters of a big government instead of a small government
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What is social liberalism and how does it varies from classical liberalism?
Social liberalism is in favor of positive liberty: freedom to self-realization but a helping hand when you can't succeed. Classical liberalism stands for negative liberty: no interference at all, at any times
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