Study Cards on national, nationalism, liberalism
In mid-19th century Europe, to be a nationalist meant to be a liberal.
Liberal nationalism links the idea of the nation with a belief in popular sovereignty.
Goal is the construction of a nation-state.
National liberalism: every nation has a right to freedom and self-determination.
Enlarging political freedom and securing a peaceful and stable world order.
--> expressed through human rights. Individual above the nation.
2. Liberals fear that the world of sovereign nation-states may degenerate into an international 'state of nature'. National sovereignty may be used as a cloak for expansionism and conquest. So freedom must be subject to the law, not just for individuals but also nations (result: system of international law).
- The goal of liberal nationalism to construct a world of nation-states may be fundamentally misguided. The only way to do this is through ethnic cleansing (Nazis).
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