Study Cards on political, change, century

When and why did conservatism arise?
In the late 18th century as a reaction against the economic and political change, symbolized by the French Revolution
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When did conservative ideas/doctrines first emerge and what divisions were there?
-In the late 18th century. As a reaction against the growing pace of economic and political change (in many ways symbolized by the French Revolution). (harked back to the ancien regime).

- In continental europe: autocratic and reactionary conservatism. Rejecting any idea of reform.
- In UK and USA: more successful form. Change in order to conserve. --> this led to conservatists in the 19th century to embrace the cause of social reform (under paternalistic banner of 'One Nation').
-1970s: New Right; anti-statist and anti-paternalistic.
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Which political philosophies are the most fitting for the new right and what is their combination?
Neoliberalism and neoconservatism; a strong but minimal state
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What is the primary neoliberal goal?
They believe that unregulated market capitalism will deliver efficiency, growth and widespread prosperity
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What are the central pillars of neoliberalism?
The market and the individual.

Belief that unregulated market capitalism will deliver efficiency, growth and widespread prosperity.

Nanny state breeds a culture of dependence and undermines freedom (freedom of choice).
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What is neoliberal globalization?
Ideas such as self-help, individual responsibility and entrepreneurialism,  seem to be advanced through the process of globalization.
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