Study Cards on political, nation, ethnic

What are different ways to define a nation?
Cultural entities (objective): groups with the same language, religion, shared past.

Politically: group of people who regard themselves as a natural political community. Classically expressed through the quest for sovereign statehood.

Psychologically: a group of people distinguished by a shared loyalty or affection in the form of patriotism.
What is a nation in subjective terms?
A group that perceives theirselves as a distinctive political community => Nation as political community = Rousseau
How does a nation distinguish itself from an ethnic group?
An ethnic group possesses a communal identity and a sense of cultural pride, but, unlike a nation, it lacks collective political aspirations.
What is the difference between a nation and an ethnic group?
An ethnic group has a communal identity and cultural pride, but does not have a political aspiration
What are the objective and subjective features of a nation?
Objective : nations are cultural entities: groups of people who speak the same language, have the same religion, are bound by a shared past and so on -> it is impossible to define a nation using objective factors alone

Subjective : the nation is a psycho - political construct ("a group of people distinguished by a shared loyalty or affection in the form of patriotism")
What is a ethnic group?
A group of people who share a common cultural and historical identity, typically linked to belief in common descent
What does volksgeist and culturalism mean?
Volksgeist : Literally, the spirit of the people ; the organic identity of a people reflected in their culture and, particularly, their language

Culturalism : the belief that human beings are culturally defined creatures, culture being the universal basis for personal and social identity
What is cultural nationalism?
Is a form of nationalism that places primary emphasis on the regeneration of the nation as a distinctive civilization, rather that as a discrete political community
What is the general will/volonté générale from Rousseau in nations as political communities?
According to him, there is a general will to obey rules from your nation
What is a political nation?
A nation in which citizenship has greater significance that ethnic identity -> examples : France, UK, UZ
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