3 questions on "Approaches to political culture - The civic-culture approach"

What is civic culture?
A set of specific attitudes which are crucial to the success of modern democracies.
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What are the three types of political culture that most effectively uphold democratic politics? (Almond and Verba 1963, 1980)
- A participant political culture: citizens pay close attention to politics, popular participation being desirable and effective.

- A subject political culture:  more passivity; recognition that they have only limited capacity to influence government.

- A parochial political culture: absence of a sense of citizenship. People identifying with their locality, instead of nation. No desire or ability to participate.

Civiv culture is a blend of all three. Democratic stability is underpinned by a political culture that is characterized by a blend of activity and passivity (citizens), and a balance between obligation and performance (government).
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Why has this approach been critized?
- Its model of the psychological dispositions that make for a stable democracy is highly questionable.
- It rests on the unproved assumption that political attitudes and values shape behaviour, and not the other way around.
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