14 questions on "Political ideas and ideologies - Other ideological traditions"

What is the central theme in anarchism?
The belief that political authority in all. Its forms, and especially in the form of the state, is both evil and unnecessary
Report
What is the central theme within anarchism?
Belief that political authority in all its forms, and especially in the form of the state, is both evil and unnecessary.
Free individuals managing their own affairs through voluntary agreement and cooperation.
Report
What is the difference between liberal and socialist anarchism?
Liberal anarchism has the desire to maximize liberty and choice, also on free market economics (anarcho-capitalism). Socialist ideas such as community, cooperation and equality make mutualism; a trading system without exploitation or profit.
Report
On what basis has this anarchist preference been developed?
On the basis of two rival traditions: liberal individualism, and socialist communitarianism.
- Liberalism: based on individualism, and desire to maximize liberty.
- Socialism: community, cooperation, equality and common ownership.
Report
Why did fascism arise
Fascism rose in the nineteenth century against the ideas of the French Revolution (rationalism, freedom, equality) and these were overturned into leadership, struggle and war.
Report
What was the difference between German Nazism and Italian fascism?
Germany was more focussed on racialism and Italy more an extreme form of statism (state directs everything)
Report
What are the underlying themes of feminism?
Society is characterized by sexual or gender inequality and the structure of male power should be overturned.
Report
What are the differences between liberal, socialist and radical feminism?
Liberal = a belief in a genderless personhood
Socialist = the link between female subordination and the capitalist mode of production, where females are only responsible for the family
Radical = A sexual revolution, men are the enemy
Report
Where does cosmopolitanism belief in?
A cosmopolis/world state, but more of a moral and cultural character.
Report
What is a world government?
The idea of all humankind united under one common political authority, whether a unitary world state with supranational authority or a federal body that shares sovereignty with nation - states
Report
Where does fundamentalism often arise?
In deeply troubled societies afflicted by an actual or perceived crisis of identity
Report
What is the most politically significant form of religious fundamentalism and how do they arise?
Islamic fundamentalism.

Fundamentalism arises in deeply troubled societies, particularly societies afflicted by an actual or perceived crisis of identity.
Factors that have contributed to these crises: spread of secularism (belief that religion should not intrude into worldly affairs) and the weakening of society's moral fabric, and the search in postcolonial states for a non-Western/anti-Western political identity.
Report
What is the core idea of religious fundamentalism?
That religion cannot and should not be confined to the private sphere.
Instead it finds its highest and proper expression in the politics of popular mobilization and social regeneration.
Religious values and beliefs constitute the organizing principles of public existence.

(This works well in the Islam, as it's not just a religion, but a complete way of life, with instructions on moral, political and economic behaviour for individuals and nations).
Report
What is the difference between right- and left-wing populists?
Left-wing populists are egalitarian = in socio-economic classes to prioritize their concerns
Right-wing are either national populists or authoritarian populists = depending on their emphasis.
Report
  • A unique study and practice tool
  • Never study anything twice again
  • Get the grades you hope for
  • 100% sure, 100% understanding
Remember faster, study better. Scientifically proven.
Trustpilot Logo
  • Higher grades + faster learning
  • Never study anything twice
  • 100% sure, 100% understanding
Discover Study Smart