Study Cards on regionalism, neofunctionalism, functionalism

What are the types of regionalism?
1. Political : Attempts by states in the same area to strengthen or protect shared values, thereby enhancing their image, reputation, and diplomatic effectiveness
2. Economic : Forms of cooperation amongst states in the same region that are designed to create greater economic opportunities, usually by fostering trading links
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What is functionalism and neofunctionalism?
Functionalism : the theory that social and political phenomena can be explained by their function within a larger whole, implying that regional integration occurs because it has functional advantage over state independence.

Neofunctionalism : A revision of functionalism that recognizes that regional integration in one are generates pressures for further integration in the form of spillover
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How has the level of integration that is seen in the creation of the EU as a political body been possible?
Because of powerful combination of pressures in post-1945 Europe that helped to shift public attitudes away from nationalism and towards cooperation. + convince elites that national interests are ultimately better served by concerted action, rather than independence.
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What is intergovernmentalism and supranationalism?
Interngovernmentalism : refers to any form of interaction between states that takes place on the basis of sovereign independence. This includes treaties and alliances as well as leagues and confederations
-> Unanimous decision making -> gives each state a veto over vital national issues


Supranationalism : is the existence of an authority that is 'higher' than that of the nation - state and capable of imposing its well on it
-> found in international federations -> where sovereignty is shared between central and peripheral bodies
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