Study Cards on seek, democratic, defend

What is an interest group?
Pressure group, is an organized association that aims to influence the policies or actions of government
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Models of interest group politics?
- pluralism
- corporatism
- the New Right
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What do pluralists stress about group politics?
It's important to defend the individual from the government and promote democratic responsiveness
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What is important for the corporatist model?
That groups seek insider status, while governments seek for information etc
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Where does the antipathy of the New Right towards interest groups come from?
From the individualism that lies at the heart of neoliberal economics.
They have a preference for a market economy driven by self-reliance and entrepreneurialism.

people join interest groups only to secure 'public goods'
It leads to escalating public spending, because government won't be able to resist demands of interest groups.
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What are the principal factors determining group influence ?
1. The political culture
2. The institutional structure
3. The nature of the party system
4. The nature and style of public policy
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How important are interest groups?
Interest group activity is closely linked to economic and social development. They are of central importance in mediating between the state and a more fragmented society.
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How do groups exert influence?
- Bureaucracy: interest group activity tends to centre on the bureaucracy as they key institution in the process of policy formulation.
- Through the assembly: lobbying.
- Through political parties: via campaign finance
- Via media and public opinion campaigns.
- Through international organizations
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