Study Cards on sociological, group, reflects

What is the sociological model?
This links voting behaviour to group membership, suggesting that this reflects the economic and social position of the group
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What does it mean that the sociological model links voting behaviour to group membership?
This suggests that electors tend to adopt a voting pattern that reflects the economic and social position of the group to which they belong.
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What does the sociological model highlight?
The importance of social alignment (reflects the divisions and tensions within society)

-Political preferences, and hence voting behaviour, is influenced by group identity (social class, religion, ethnicity).
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What were the traditional cleavages that were formed around 1900 and what are the new cleavages?
Traditional:
- Social class: owner//worker
- Religious and secular:  religious//state
- Urban area//rural area
-  Centre//periphery.

New. Around:
- Education
- Generation
- Urban-rural and centre-periphery divide
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What are the critiques on the sociological model?
In focusing on social groups, it ignores the individual and the role of personal self-interest.
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What is the difference between the sociological model and the socio psychological model?
Socio-psychological model:
- Political preferences, and hence voting behaviour, is influenced by party identification.
- Political socialization by parents: period where we form our values and beliefs.

Sociological model:
-Political preferences, and hence voting behaviour, is influenced by group identity (social class, religion, ethnicity).
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