Politics and the state - Debating the state - The role of the state

15 important questions on Politics and the state - Debating the state - The role of the state

What is the aim of a minimal state?

Liberals believe this is the best to ensure individuals the widest possible realm of freedom, where the state only provides a framework of peace and social order => nightwatchman by Locke
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What are the three core functions of a state according to Locke?

1) Maintain domestic order
2) Ensure that contracts or agreements are enforced
3) It provides protection against external attacks
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What is a developmental state?

A state that intervenes in economic life with the purpose of promoting industrial growth and economic development
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What is economic globalization and competition states and tiger economies?

Economic globalization : The incorporation of national economies into a single 'borderless' global economy, through transnational production and capital flows.

Competition states : states that pursue strategies to ensure long - term competitiveness in a globalized economy 

Tiger economies : Fast growing and export - oriented economies moddeld in Japan -> for example South - Korea, Taiwan and Singaport
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What are examples of a developmental state?

- Japan, France
- Austria and Germany (economic development has been achieved through the construction of a 'partnership state'.
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What is the aim of a social-democratic state?

Intervene with a view to bringing about social restructuring, in accordance with principles such as fairness, equality and social justice
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What is the aim of Keynesian economic policies?

To manage and regulate capitalism with a view to promoting growth and maintaining full employment
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What is the aim collectivized states?

Bring the entirety of economic life under control => collectivization means common ownership > private property
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What do collectivized states do and what are good examples?

Bring the entirety of economic life under state control.
Example: orthodox communist countries (USSR).
Sought to abolish private enterprise altogether (common ownership over private property)
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What the essence of totalitarianism?

An all-embracing state, the influence of which penetrates every aspect of human existence
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What is the essence of totalitarianism?

The construction of an all-embracing state, the influence of which penetrates every aspect of human existence.
Everything under state control.
Examples: Hitlers germany, USSR.
Surveillance and terroristic policing + pervasive system of ideological manipulation and control.
They extinguish civil society and abolish the private sphere of life.

Goal is to dissolve individual identity.
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What is the difference between totalitarian states and religious states?

Religious states see religious fundamentalism as the basis of politics and they reject the public/private divide
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What have fundamentalist movements typically looked to do?

Seize control of the state and use it as an instrument of moral and spiritual regeneration.
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What is a religious state?

A territorial political unit that serves to enact religious principles -> example: Islamic State

State religion : A religious body that is officially endorsed by the state, giving it special privileges , but (usually) not formal political authority
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What is a difference between for example the Iranian model and the AKP rule (Turkey)?

Iranian model: religious state founded on the basis of religious principles, containing explicitly theocratic features (government by divine guidance or by officials who are regarded as divinely guided).
AKP: religiously orientated government operating in a context that retains a commitment to constitutional secularism.
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