Study Cards on state, government, hobbes
State can be ignored only because it is seen as an impartial referee that can be bent to the will of the government of the day.
- the democratic process is meaningful and effective: it ensures that the government remains sensitive and responsive to public opinion.
State had arisen out of a voluntary agreement. State (sovereign power) would protect individuals.
State is neutral and reflects the interest of all citizens. Servant of society.
Locke: clear distinction between the responsibilities of the state (maintenance of domestic order and protection of property) and the responsibilities of individual citizens.
As state may threaten natural rights, citizens must have some protection against the state (constitutional and representative government).
Modern industrialized states are both more complex and less responsive to popular pressures than classical pluralism suggests.
Business enjoys a privileged position in relation to government + the state has its own sectional interests (state elite might pursue the bureaucratic interests of their sector)
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