Study Cards on state, pluralist, society

What are the four rival theories of the state?
- The pluralist state
- The capitalist state
- The leviathan state
- The patriarchal state
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What is meant by the pluralist state?
The pluralist state is the liberal view; the state is the referee in society and acts in interest of all citizens
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What does the social-contract theory mean?
That there is a voluntary agreement made amongst individuals through which an organized society is brought into existence
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How do Marxists look at the capitalist state?
Marxists see this as the state as an instrument of class oppression.
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What does Bourgeoisie and proletariat mean?
Bourgeoisie : A Marxist term, denoting the ruling class of a capitalist society, the owners of productive wealth

Proletariat : A Marxist term, denoting a class that subsists through the sale of its labour power; strictly speaking, the proletariat is not equivalent to the working class
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What is meant by the leviathan state?
The New Right saw the state as a self-serving monster intent on expansion and aggrandizement that threatens liberty and economic security
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What is the patriarchal state?
The view of feminists that see the state as a tool used by men to defend their own interests and uphold the structures of patriarchy.
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