Study Cards on state, states, territorial

Since which important happening in global politics can we speak about states?
Since the Peace of Westphalia in 1648
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Why did the state come into existence?
- Tilly: its ability to fight wars (military encounters forced states to extend their control over their populations by developing more extensive system of taxation and administration).
- Marxists : origins can be traced back to the transition from feudalism to capitalism (the state being a tool used by the emerging bourgeois class).
-  Mann: state's capacity to combine ideological, economic, military and political forms of power.
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What did Charles Tilly mean by "War made the state and state mad war"?
He believed that the central factor of rising states was to be able to fight wars
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How did the state evolve?
In the 19th century, the state had developed into a nation-state (one nation within a single state). After that it went through a process of democratization. This led to the state acquiring wider economic and social responsibilities during the 20th century.
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What is a nation state?
A sovereign state in which citizenship and nationality overlap
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What is a state?
The state is a political association that establishes sovereign jurisdiction within defined territorial borders, and excercises authority through a set of permanent institutions.
These institutions are public and publicy funded

Key features of the state:
1. The state is sovereign
2. State institutions are public
3. The state is an exercise in legitimation
4. The state is an instrument of domination
5. The state is a territorial association
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What did independence mean after WWII?
As the process of decolonization accelerated, independence implied the achievement of sovereign statehood. (this led to a rapid growth in UN membership
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