Study Cards on working, century, marxism
Developed as a reaction against the emergence of industrial capitalism.
Its goal was to abolish a capitalist economy based on market exchange and replace it with a qualitatively different socialist society (usually constructed on the principle of common ownership).
Reflected the gradual integration of the working class into capitalist society through an improvement in working conditions and wages + growth of trade unions and socialist political parties.
-Reformist socialists (practised a form of constitutional politics, embraced social democracy) --> recast socialism in terms of welfare, redistribution, and economic management.
Therefore capitalism is doomed to collapse.
The proletariat will recognize they are being exploited and will become a revolutionary force --> leading to dictatorship of the proletariat.
But this will wither away and communist society (classless and stateless) will be left.
Human beings were seen as makers of history, and not simply as puppets controlled by impersonal material forces.
Interplay between economics and politics + material circumstances of life and the capacity of human beings to shape their own destinies.
Compromise between acceptance of capitalism (as the only reliable mechanism for generating wealth), and a desire to distribute wealth in accordance with moral, rather than marker, principles.
Humanize capitalism through state intervention.
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