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Summary Prevalenceofandinterventionsforsarcopeniain Ageingadults:asystematicreview.reportofthe...

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A snapshot of the summary - Prevalenceofandinterventionsforsarcopeniain ageingadults:asystematicreview.Reportofthe InternationalSarcopeniaInitiative(EWGSOP andIWGS)

  • 1 Introduction

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  • What is the relevance of this article?
    Efficacy to treat of exercise and nutrition is not really known in people with sarcopenia.
  • What is the current definition of clinical relevant, age-related sacropenia?
    'a syndrome characterised by progressive and generalised loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength with a risk of adverse outcomes such as physical disability, poor quality of life and death'
  • How is sarcopenia diagnosed?
    Low muscle mass AND low muscle function
  • 2 Methods

  • 2.2 Eligibility criteria

  • Which eligibility criteria were used?
    • Older than 50 years
    • Well-defined populations
    • Sarcopenia prevalence based on muscle mass and muscle function
    • Nut and Ex with outcome measures in muscle mass and muscle function
    • Observation is OK in prevalence group
    • RCTs for nut and EX
  • 2.3 Data synthesis

  • How was the methodological quality of articles reviewed?
    Using the PEDro scale (specifically developed to rate the quality of randomised, controlled trials evaluating physicaltherapistintervention)
  • 3 Results

  • 3.1 Estimates of prevalence

  • In which living setting was sarcopenia most prevalent?
    In community-dwelling patients (83%)
  • What was the prevalence of sarcopenia in community-dwelling elderly?
    about ~1-30%
  • In which living setting is sarcopenia most prevalent based on this review?
    In long term care institutions
  • 3.2 Exercise interventions

  • What can said about the overall quality of the articles on Exercise?
    There were seven studies with a moderate score on the PEDro (4-6 on a 0-10)
  • 3.2.1 Resistance training interventions

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  • How long did the participants do resistance training ?
    3-18 MONTHS
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