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Summary Privacy Literatuur

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A snapshot of the summary - Privacy literatuur

  • 1 Ethics

  • 1.1 Social dimensions of privacy

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  • What misconception is present regarding the use of protecting our privacy when so much about us is already known? (Solove et al. ethics)
    Many people see privacy as keeping thing secrets: when you look at privacy this way, there is no point anymore when someone has your data. But privacy is also about having control over who has acces to your data and how they can control it. And this is very relevant, especially when people already have your data. So privacy is important!
  • Which problem is discussed by Solove et al (ethics) regarding privacy legislations?
    The law is often directed by wether we expect privacy in a situation or not. But the law should be directed by if we desire privacy in a cetrain situation. The law should not be dictated by the status quo, but by how we want things to be.
  • Which 4 activities that affect privacy are mentioned by Solove at al?
    1. information collection (of data subjects)
    2. information processing (storing and processing of data by data holders)
    3. information dissemination (data holders share info with others)
    4. invasion (involves imignents directly on the individual)
  • Explain how Solove et al define privacy?
    Privacy is a set of protections against a related set of problems. These problems are not all related in the same way, but they resemble each other: there is not one common denominator, but they are all related, like a family. 
    There is a social value in providing protection against each problem. society creates friction and privacy protects us from this: a society without it is suffocating. The value differs depending on the nature of each problem.
  • 1.2 The value of privacy

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  • What does Beate Roessler want explain/show in her article?
    That we value privacy for the sake of our autonomy. In liberal societies, privacy has te function of permitting and protecting an autonomous life.
  • Which discourses on privacy does Beate Roessler discern?
    • discourse of public sphere (intimacy, privacy in the classic sense)
    • privacy on it's own accounts, realm of the private family. (feminist theory, private home)
    • legal discourse
    • philosophical discourse
  • Which 3 historical processes caused the new found interest in conceptualizing privacy (Roessler)?
    1. the intrusion of intimacy, topics that were private before have now turned public
    2. changed relationship between the sexes ---> reconfiguration of the private sphere
    3. recent development of technologies that threathen informational privacy in new ways
  • Which two words should be seperated from privacy?
    • privacy does net equal intimacy: what is intimate is private, but what is private is not necessarily intimate: privacy does entail more
    • privacy does net equal secrecy : what is private can be a secret, but the way you dress is private but not a secret
  • In which 3 ways can your privacy be violated, based on the 3 dimensions of privacy (Roessler)?
    • illicit interference in one's actions (decisional privacy)
    • illicit surveillance (informational privacy)
    • illicit intrusions in rooms or dwellings (local privacy)
  • What are the 4 basic pilars of any liberal theory?
    • liberty
    • equality
    • neutrality of the state
    • democracy
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