A snapshot of the summary - Psychology - Individual Differences
Individual Differences 1
What is the basic drive for Freud?To minimise stimulation in the NS - sees stimulation as pain, removal of this = pleasure
Energy must be kept close to 0
What did Helmholtz argue?Everything is purely physical - spiritual life does not exist.
What is the function of the NS according to Freud?To discharge psychophysical energy to reduce pain and increase pleasure.
When was 'Project for a Scientific Psychology' published?1950s
What is the 'Project for a Scientific Psychology'?Freud states the NS is filled with energy (Q).
Q is formed through arousal from the external world and internal excitation (basis of our instincts).
Define 'the principle of neuronic inertia'.Freuds description of the removal of energy within the NS.
How do we get rid of Q caused by internal excitation?By finding an object to satisfy the particular need.
e.g. hunger = find food
What is the neural ego?Store of Q
controls energy flow through the NS
prevents build up of Q
avoids the reactivation of painful memories by directing attention
core of neurons semi-permanently charged with nervous energy
Q becomes bound to the ego
What happens to neurons once Q has passed through according to Freud?Neurons become altered, making it easier for Q to travel along the same path in future.
How memory and learning occurs - neural pathways
describe psychoanalytic EGOconscious/rational/reasoning behaviour
mediates demands of ID and reality
operates with the reality principle (inhibits immediate discharge of Q) - not always possible to get what we want straight away.
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