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Summary Psychology - Individual Differences

Course
- Psychology
- Liam Hill
- 2018 - 2019
- University of Leeds
- Undergraduate
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A snapshot of the summary - Psychology - Individual Differences

  • Individual Differences 1

  • What is the basic drive for Freud?
    To minimise stimulation in the NS - sees stimulation as pain, removal of this = pleasure
    Energy must be kept close to 0
  • What did Helmholtz argue?
    Everything is purely physical - spiritual life does not exist.
  • What is the function of the NS according to Freud?
    To discharge psychophysical energy to reduce pain and increase pleasure.
  • When was 'Project for a Scientific Psychology' published?
    1950s
  • What is the 'Project for a Scientific Psychology'?
    Freud states the NS is filled with energy (Q).
    Q is formed through arousal from the external world and internal excitation (basis of our instincts).
  • Define 'the principle of neuronic inertia'.
    Freuds description of the removal of energy within the NS.
  • How do we get rid of Q caused by internal excitation?
    By finding an object to satisfy the particular need.
    e.g. hunger = find food
  • What is the neural ego?
    Store of Q
    controls energy flow through the NS
    prevents build up of Q
    avoids the reactivation of painful memories by directing attention
    core of neurons semi-permanently charged with nervous energy
    Q becomes bound to the ego
  • What happens to neurons once Q has passed through according to Freud?
    Neurons become altered, making it easier for Q to travel along the same path in future.
    How memory and learning occurs - neural pathways
  • describe psychoanalytic EGO
    conscious/rational/reasoning behaviour
    mediates demands of ID and reality
    operates with the reality principle (inhibits immediate discharge of Q) - not always possible to get what we want straight away.
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