8 questions on "Methods in Psychology - Empiricism: How to Know stuff"

How do psychologists answer the question: Why do people do what they do?
Be looking for relationships between things that are measured
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What is a dogmatist?
Someone who tends to cling to their beliefs
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What is a theory?
A hypothetical explanation for an natural phenomenon
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What makes a good theory?
They make specific predictions (hypotheses) about what we should observe if that theory is true
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What is the rule of parsimony?
The simplest theory that explains all the evidence is best
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What are the four steps in the scientific method?
1) develop theory
2) derive hypothesis
3) test hypothesis
4) use evidence to modify theories
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What three qualities about humans make them hard to study?
Complexity
variability
reactivity
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What two kinds of methods are used to study people?
Methods of observation
Methods of explanation
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