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Summary Qualitative Research Practice A Guide for Social Science Students and Researchers

- Jane Ritchie, et al
ISBN-10 1446296202 ISBN-13 9781446296202
247 Flashcards & Notes
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A snapshot of the summary - Qualitative Research Practice A Guide for Social Science Students and Researchers Author: Jane Ritchie Jane Lewis Professor of Social Policy Jane Lewis Carol McNaughton Nicholls Rachel Ormston ISBN: 9781446296202

  • 1 Foundations of qualitative research

  • 1.2.1 Ontology

  • Ontology is about realism and idealism. What is realism?
    External reality does exist -> objectivism
  • What are the three levels of realism?
    - empirical - senses
    - actual - observing
    - real - processes and mechanism
  • 1.2.2 Epistemology

  • What is, according to blaikie (2007) the nature of knowledge or truth?
    - foundational
    - fallibilistic - provisional (tijdelijk)
    - value-mediated knowledge
    - correspondence theory of truth - obserervation is equal with  reality
    - coherence theory of truth - multiuple researchers have same result
    - pragmatic theory of truth - beleifs are true if they have practical utility
  • 1.3 Positivism and the scientific method

  • What is post-positivism/post-empiricism/falsification? (Popper)
    Reality can be known approximately but not for sure. Hypothesis are made and compared with observation
  • What is the reasoning of postivism/empiricism?
    Inductive reasoning - emprical facts
  • What is the reasoning of post-positivism?
    Deductive, it is tested against observations
  • 1.4.1 interpretivism and the origins of qualitative research

  • What is the reasoning of interpretivism?
    Inductive reasoning, but observations are mediated by ideas and assumptions
  • 1.4.2 advancement and diversification of qualitative research

  • Discourse analysis - ethnography
    Sociologie - how knowledge is produced at different levels
  • Personal construct theory
    Phycology - pshycologis construct people use to give meaning to their thought and behaviour
  • Narrative/biographical methods
    Focuses on individual stories to get breadth and depth (cross-disciplinairy)
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