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Summary Research Methods

- Research Methods
- Essink
- 2021 - 2022
- Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
- Health Sciences
218 Flashcards & Notes
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A snapshot of the summary - Research Methods

  • 1 Week 1

  • 1.1 Lecture 1: Understand positivism (objectivism), understand interpretavism (constructivism), inductive and deductive research, get acquainted with different research methods

  • What is positivism / objectivism
    • Reality can be observed, presenting facts as truth, knowledge can be formulated into laws
    • Single reality, external, waiting to be found
    • Value free
  • What is constructivism / interpretivism
    • Truth and meaning are constructed by the person / researchers (subjects)
    • Interpretations of the world (object)
    • Multiple realities (are experienced) and meaning is not stable
    • Iedereen kijkt door zijn eigen bril
  • What is deductive research
    • Begins with hypothesis and theories
    • Manipulation and control
    • Experimentation/survey/structured interviews
    • Theory -> hypothesis -> observation -> confirmation/ rejection
    • Confirm/reject theory
  • What is (quasi) experimental design
    • Determine causality
    • Manipulate independent variable to determine effect on the dependent variable
    • Randomly assign participants to groups (RCT)
    • Use existing groups (quasi)

    • Clear indicators to determine outcome
    • Associated w/ deductive/ positivism approaches
  • What is an analytical survey design
    • To explore and these proportions /associations / predictors between variables
    • Observational studies
    • Structured questions/ units and limited options for respondents
    • Highly deductive
  • What is phenomenological studies
    • Aims for contextual description and analysis of phenomena
    • Inductive
    • Relies on qualitative analysis of data
    • Not much concerned w/ generalisations to larger populations
  • What is Participatory Action Research (PAR)
    • Aims to change practice in real life
    • Collaborations between researchers and practitioners and users (e.g. Patients, community members)
    • Iterative design
    • Mixed methods
    • Deductive and inductive reasoning 
  • Identifying a research topic
    1. Through literature
    2. Directly from the workplace or community setting 
  • Steps of selecting a research topic
    1. What is the big problem/issue
    2. What is known/done about it
    3. What is not known /done about it
    4. What am I going to make known about it
      1. Objective/ RQ 

    Format for an introduction
  • Formulate research objective
    • Useful (relevant according to parties involved)
    • Realistic (likelihood of contributing solving the problem)
    • Feasible (time and resources)
    • Clear (specify contribution)
    • Informative (indication of knowledge to be gathered)
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