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Summary Rule of Law

Course
- Social Studies
- Sjoerd van Lierop
- 2016 - 2017
- Metameer - Stevensbeekseweg (Stevensbeek)
- Klas 4 VWO TTO (NT)
144 Flashcards & Notes
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A snapshot of the summary - Rule of Law

  • 1 Concept and origin of the rule of law

  • What is a state under the rule of law?
    a stte in which citizens have basic rights and are protected against the power and arbitrary actions of government authorities.
  • How can citizens contributie to decision making?

    •Citizens are allowedto take part in free electionsand in this way theycanindirectlycontributetodecision making op political issues.
  • What is the basis of the rule of law that safegurads us against arbitrary acitons and misuse of power?
    The trias politica, basic rights and the principle of legality together form the basis of the rle of law.
  • What does the government in a rule of law say?
    These are the rules that we have democratically drawn up and we expect you, as a citizen in this state, to follow them. Ifyou do that, you can be sure we will apply these rules and no others to your behaviour. Moreover, we will also followthese rules ourselves.
  • Acording to what is said before, what is the rule of law?
    a social contract between citizens and the government.
  • What was the idea that Montewquieu wrote down?
    in order to cunterbalance the power of the king, a parliament elected by the people ahould be formed. This parliament would hav the power to make laws; only the task of impleminting these laws should be left to the king and his ministers. furthermore, as a ocunterbalance to both these powers, and independent judiciary should be set up.
  • What does a constitutional monarchy nowadays look like?
    kings are bound to respect the constitution.. Furthermore, the rule of law has ensured the constitutional protection of fundamental rights, such as freedom of religion, freedom of speech and freedom of assembly and assaociation.
  • Which two events were the beginning of fundamental rights?
    •American Revolution (1776): ‘no taxation without representation’. French Revolution (1789): ‘freedom, equalityandfraternity
  • Whta is the principle of legality?
    the government is only allowed to restrict the liberty of citizens if those restrictions have already been set down in laws and apply to everyone.
  • Of what is the rule of law the exct opposite?
    a dicatorship
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