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A snapshot of the summary - Samenvatting Disorders of Childhood: Development Psychopathology
1 Development & Psychopathology
What does developmental psychopathology emphasize?Maladaptive patterns and disorders occur in the context of typical development. Look at the strenghts and weaknesses as kids experience age-related challenges.
What are some barriers to care?- Structural barriers (no money, long waiting lists)
- Perceptions of mental health (fear, shame)
- Perceptions of mental health services (negative experiences)
What are the dimensions of stigma and their targets?Dimensions: stereotypes, devaluation and discrimination.
Targets: the individual, the family.
1.1 What is normal or abnormal?
What influences the views on what's normal or abnormal? Explain them.- Statistical deviance (you have an disorder at the edge's of behavior, too good or too bad).
- Sociocultural norms (disorder when failing to conform to expectations).
- Mental health perspectives (disorder based on theoretical/clinical based notions of distress and dysfunction, quality of life is key).
Developmental epidemiology: what does incidence mean?Rate at which new cases arise (all new cases in a given time period).
4 key points that illustrate that adaption is an ongoing activity?1. Development is cumulative (optellend)
2. Developmental pathways are probabilistic (willekeurig)
3. Change is possible at many points
4. Change is constrained or enabled by previous adaptions
1.2 Historical models of looking at psychopathology
What is the vision of
dimensionalmodels?Typical feelings/thoughts gradually become problems which may worsento become disorders.
What is the vision of categorical models?Discrete and qualitative differences in individual patterns of emotion/cognition/behavior.
What are the physiological models about?There is a
physiological(genetic, structural, biological or chemical) basis for all psychological processes. Believe in gene-by-environment effects and brain plasticity.
What is the diathesis-stress model about (physiological model)?(genetic) predispositions in combination with additional stress lead to the emergence of a disorder, not structural differences in and of itself.